Gardening

January

Potatoes - start chitting indoors


February

Aubergines - put them in a heated propagator or on a windowsill.

Broad beans – if you live down south, you might get away with sowing earlies now.

Cabbages – summer varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Lettuce (including rocket) – sow undercover in a greenhouse or indoors.

Onions – these need around 15 degrees to thrive, so keep them on a cool windowsill.

Parsnips – you could sow these late in the month, although waiting another month might ensure you a better crop.

Peppers –put them in a heated propagator or on a windowsill.

Potatoes – you can start chitting these now in a frost-free spot.

Radishes – if you can’t sow them indoors, use cloches outdoors, but keep an eye on cold weather.

Shallots – cover them with a cloche for best results.

Spinach – it grows quickly so don’t plant it out two to three weeks before you plant it out.

Turnips – sow thickly if you’ll be harvesting the tops for salads.


March

Asparagus – if you’re planting crowns, now’s the time to establish the bed.

Aubergines – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Beetroot – sow the seeds this month.

Broad beans – sow the seeds this month.

Brussels sprouts – plant out now for harvesting in September.

Cabbages – summer varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Carrots – early varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Cauliflowers - summer varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Cucumbers – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Kohlrabi – start seedlings off indoors if the ground is not yet workable.

Leeks – sow outdoors or in a seedbed or deep tray indoors for later transplanting.

Lettuce (including rocket) – sow undercover in a greenhouse or indoors.

Onions – if the weather is good enough, plant these out now.

Peas – early varieties could be planted out now in milder parts of the UK.

Peppers – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Potatoes – plant out earlies that have been chitting for the past few weeks.

Radishes – sow seeds under cover late in the month.

Shallots – if the weather is good enough, plant these out now.

Spinach Beet – it grows quickly so don’t plant it out two to three weeks before you plant it out.

Tomatoes – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Turnips – early varieties can be planted out now.


April

Asparagus – if you’re planting crowns, now’s the time to establish the bed.

Aubergines – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Beans (French) – sow these outdoors under a cloche.

Beetroot – sow the seeds this month.

Broad beans – sow the seeds this month.

Broccoli – sow in shallow drills, this month and next.

Brussels sprouts – plant out now for harvesting in September.

Cabbages – summer varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Carrots – early varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Cauliflowers - summer varieties can be sown now but keep them under cloches.

Celery – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Chard – once the last of the hard frosts is over, sow outdoors.

Cucumbers – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Kohlrabi - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Leeks – space them about 30cm apart in shallow drills.

Lettuce (including rocket) – sow undercover in a greenhouse or indoors.

Onions – if the weather is good enough, plant these out now.

Peas – early varieties could be planted out now in milder parts of the UK.

Peppers – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Potatoes – plant out earlies that have been chitting for the past few weeks.

Radishes - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Shallots – if the weather is good enough, plant these out now.

Spinach – reseed every couple of weeks to get a constant crop.

Spinach Beet – reseed every couple of weeks to get a constant crop.

Sweetcorn – sow these outdoors but under a cloche.

Tomatoes – start these off on a windowsill, in a propagator or greenhouse.

Turnips – early varieties can be planted out now.


May

Aubergines – sow seeds thinly in a warm, sunny spot.

Beans (French, runners) – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Beetroot - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Broccoli – if you’ve sown these indoors, move them outside now.

Brussels sprouts – transfer these outdoors now.

Cabbages – move summer varieties outdoors now.

Carrots – sow thinly outdoors in shallow drills.

Cauliflowers – sow in very fertile soil for a successful crop.

Celery – move summer varieties you’ve started inside outdoors now.

Celeriac – move summer varieties you’ve started inside outdoors now.

Chicory – sow seeds in a sunny spot this month and next.

Courgettes – sow under cover to protect from the cold.

Cucumbers – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Kale – sow under cover or in full sun for best results.

Kohlrabi - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Leeks – move indoor-sown leeks outside now.

Lettuce (including rocket) – sow every couple of weeks for a continuous crop.

Marrows – sow undercover to protect them from cold spells.

Peas – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Peppers – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Pumpkins – start these off undercover until the weather is warmer.

Radishes - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Spring onions – continue to sow these for pulling in August.

Squash – sow seeds in a sunny, sheltered spot.

Swedes – sow these thinly now in shallow drills.

Sweetcorn – sow undercover to help them thrive.

Tomatoes – if the weather’s good, these can go outdoors now.

Turnips – plant out your main crops now.


June

Aubergines – sow seeds thinly in a warm, sunny spot.

Beans (French, runners) – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Beetroot - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Broccoli – move these outdoors now.

Brussels sprouts – transfer these outdoors now.

Cabbages – move summer varieties outdoors now.

Carrots – sow thinly outdoors in shallow drills.

Cauliflowers – sow the seeds thinly in shallow drills.

Celery – move summer varieties you’ve started inside outdoors now.

Celeriac – move summer varieties you’ve started inside outdoors now.

Chicory – continue to sow seeds for the rest of this month.

Courgettes – sow undercover to protect from the cold.

Cucumbers – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Endive - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Kale – plant out any that you’ve had indoors or under cover now.

Kohlrabi - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Leeks – move indoor-sown leeks outside now.

Lettuce (including rocket) – sow every couple of weeks for a continuous crop.

Marrows – sow undercover to protect them from cold spells.

Peas – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Peppers – sow and re-sow a few weeks later for a continuous crop.

Pumpkins – start these off undercover until the weather is warmer.

Radishes - sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Spring onions – plant these now for pulling in September.

Squash – sow seeds in a sunny, sheltered spot.

Swedes – sow these thinly now in shallow drills.

Sweetcorn – sow undercover to help them thrive.

Turnips – plant out your main crops now.


July

Beetroot – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Beans (French) – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Broccoli – plant these out now if you haven’t already.

Cabbages – sow spring varieties now, and plant out any you’ve had under cover.

Carrots – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Cauliflowers – transplant autumn varieties early in the month.

Chicory – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Kale – plant out any that you’ve had indoors or under cover now.

Kohlrabi – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Leeks – if they’re not out already, move indoor-sown leeks outdoors now.

Lettuce – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Peas – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Radishes – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Spring onions – sow these now for pulling in October.

Turnips – sow your winter crops now.


August

Cabbages – continue to sow both spring and Chinese varieties, and plant out savoys.

Kale – any remaining plants should be transferred outside now.

Kohlrabi – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Lettuce - sow a hardy variety for winter harvesting.

Radishes – continue to sow at intervals to ensure a constant crop.

Spinach – continue to sow throughout this month.

Spring onions – sow a winter hardy variety for late harvesting.

Turnips – sow your winter crops now.


September

Cabbages – spring varieties can be planted out now.

Lettuce – sow winter varieties for spring harvesting.

Onions – Japanese varieties can be planted out now.


October

Broad beans – get these off to an early start in milder areas.

Garlic – plant out now before the weather deteriorates.

Onions – plant out Japanese onion sets now, covering them with a cloche or fleece.


November

Broad beans – get these off to an early start in milder areas.

Garlic – you can still plant these out this month.

Peas – sow hardy varieties now.


December

Garlic – you can still plant these out this month – and they’ll benefit from a cold spell.

Lettuce (and other winter salads) – you can continue to sow these in greenhouses, coldframes or on roomy windowsills.

Onions – sow these late in the month in seedboxes in a greenhouse or coldframe.